Archery is a unique form of art that entails the skill of propelling arrows with the use of a Bow. In the ancient time, archery has been used for hunting different type of games and also in combat. But nowadays, archery is majorly used for recreational purposes. An archer or a Bowman is the typical name for someone who participates in this art; Toxophilite is the reserved name for one who is fond of or expertly at archery.
The Bow has an origin which dates back to as early as 10,000-900 BCE with the oldest recordable tendency of usage in Europe traceable to the Stellmoor (de) in the Ahrensburg valley (de) north of Hamburg, Germany. The earliest known arrows were made of pine and had a main shaft and a long foreshaft of about 15-20 centimetres and a flint point.
The oldest bow known so far is from the Holmegard swamp in Denmark.
Bows And Hunting
The advent of bows eventually brought to an end the era of spear-thrower as it then became the predominant means for launching shafted projectiles in all the continents with the exception of Australia. Although spear-throwers and bow in some parts of the Americas, notably Mexico, persisted alongside for quite a long time afterwards.
Bows and arrows have been in existence through civilization and were employed as highly effective weapons of warfare by the Assyrians, Persians, Indians, Parthians, Koreans, Chinese, Japanese and Turks. The longbow of the English folks also proved effective in its first time introduction in continental warfare at the Battle of Crecy, and soon the continents of Americas also became as a result of contact with Europe.
Asia also embraced archery greatly and contributed in no little way to its development. The Sanskrit term for Archery, dhanurveda, came to refer to martial arts generally.
While there is vast variation in the construction details of bows-both historic and modern ones- all bows consist of a string attached to elastic limbs. The elastic limb holds energy (mechanical energy) imparted by the user pulling the string. Broadly, Bows are of two categories: ones drawn by pulling directly at the string; and those that uses a mechanism to pull the string.
Bows drawn directly can be further divided considering differences in the mode of construction of their limbs. Examples of this are self bows, laminated bows and composite bows. Bows are also classified based on the shape of their limbs in an unstrung state. Unlike straight bows, the Recurve Bow is one that has tips that curve away from the archer when the bow is unstrung.
Compound bows are designed to reduce force required to hold the string at full draw, thereby allowing the archer more time to aim with less energy usage in the process. Most of such use cams or elliptical wheels at the limbs ends to achieve this purpose.
Bows drawn mechanically normally have a stock or other type of mounting, typical example of this is the crossbow. Check out all of our information about archery, bow hunting and archery equipment. It's a great sport!